With rapid urbanisation affecting cities across the globe, intelligent planning of urban environments and technology are now central to improving mobility. Functional smart solutions are needed – not only to minimise the amount of time and money citizens spend on everyday trips, but also to limit environmental pollution.
INRIX, a company that helps cities and businesses use big data to understand and solve transportation problems, has conducted a study to identify, analyse and rank congestion and mobility trends in over 900 cities across 43 countries. According to the 2019 Global Traffic Scorecard (which excludes India), Bogota is worst affected by traffic congestion, with drivers losing an average of 191 hours a year on the road. Latin American and European cities dominate the Top 10.
Urban traffic and air quality are some of the factors that determine the quality of life of citizens. As the issue spreads around the world, Planet Smart City teams are studying the different smart mobility solutions and selecting those which best meet the needs of each project. Some of them are:
To create traffic hierarchy, road lanes should be designed to divide vehicles according to the destination of the traveller. In our greenfield projects built from the ground up, we have set up the road hierarchy to limit the number of car routes that end in residential areas. Intelligent planning that follows this logic is important because it differentiates between those who travel within the neighbourhood and those who are travelling long distances.
At SeiMilano for instance, a new multifunctional district in Milan, Italy, a Zone 30 Area has been implemented, where the speed limit has been reduced from 50 kilometres per hour in accordance with the national code, to 30 kilometres per hour. The Zone 30 Area limits traffic jams, improves air quality, and allows pedestrians and bicycles to travel easily and safely between houses and shops.
Walking and cycling must be feasible and safe alternative modes of transport for short and medium distance journeys, and cities need to integrate pedestrian and cycle paths into their urban road systems. At present, many urban areas around the world lack spaces that are reserved for only pedestrians – with cars and motorcycles often parked on pavements, and dangerous pedestrian crossings having no traffic lights and poor visibility. Safe, traffic-protected and integrated road systems, on the other hand, help promote residents’ safety and well-being.
In Smart City Laguna and Smart City Natal, Brazil, we have created a network of pedestrian and cycle paths with rest areas throughout the urban context. This helps to facilitate easy access between different areas of the city with high concentrations of public and private activities.
Another key element to consider when designing urban mobility systems is a balance in the distribution of housing, services, business and production activities across the urban area. What would happen during peak hours, for example, if activities and workplaces are concentrated exclusively in certain areas of the city?
In all of Planet’s greenfield real estate projects, our multidisciplinary teams develop a functional mix design, focusing on the potential concentration of traffic in specific directions or during certain time slots – in order to reduce traffic jams and cut pollution. Shops, services and work are available close to home, making neighbourhoods more safe, pleasant and liveable while saving residents a considerable amount of time and money spent reaching basic services.
Thanks to recent developments in urban mobility, it is no longer necessary for households to have different means of transport of their own. Rather, people can easily share their transportation method with others who have the same needs.
The innovative concept of Mobility on Demand (MoD) is shaping the future of urban mobility, allowing citizens to access mobility, goods, and services in real-time, making their journeys more efficient using technology. Sharing mobility services are an intelligent way to drastically reduce traffic and pollution organically.
MoD platforms allow people who need transport to ‘meet’ drivers available nearby on the reference platform, simply by sending a request and sharing their geolocation. As well as being an economic solution, such solutions can facilitate travel between transit stations and homes or workplaces, encouraging citizens not to use their private car for daily trips.
Uber and Lyft are popular examples of MoD services, however, other solutions with a strong impact are car-sharing and bike-sharing, which allow users to reserve vehicles to rent via digital apps. Both car and bike-sharing are in the process of being implemented through the Planet App in several of our projects, including REDO in Milan – the first smart project aimed at social housing in Italy.
To reduce the circulation of cars and harmful emissions into the atmosphere at the local level, urban micro-mobility solutions are gaining increasing popularity in today’s cities. Scooters, electric bicycles, hoverboards and segways are already part of the daily scene in big cities such as Milan, New York and São Paulo, representing a simple zero-emission alternative for short distance journeys.
To regulate and guarantee a good micro-mobility service, the network of European cities and regions for the development of innovative technologies and policies for local transport, POLIS, considers the improvement of the urban infrastructure system as one of the topics of interest for citizens. Traffic reduction in specific areas, and routes and parking spaces reserved for micro-mobility are two possible measures.
In order for MoD solutions such as car-sharing and bike-sharing to be exploited for everyday travel, there must be widespread internet connectivity so residents can get the information they need in every neighbourhood of the city. In all our projects, we provide free Wi-Fi in areas that are shared by citizens.
These solutions are strengthened by many others, such as smart parking, which significantly limits the time and fuel wasted searching for a parking space.
Other solutions which optimise public services include intelligent bus shelters that display the route and provide the real-time location of buses in circulation, waiting times and possible connections with other services – for example, car or bike-sharing. Access to services like these will play an increasingly important role in where people choose to live.